Magnetism & HeaTFerromagnetism arises when a collection of atomic spins align such that their associated magnetic moments all point in the same direction, yielding a net magnetic moment which is macroscopic in size. The simplest theoretical description of ferromagnetism is called the Ising model. This model was invented by Wilhelm Lenz in 1920: it is named after Ernst Ising, a student of Lenz who chose the model as the subject of his doctoral dissertation in 1925.

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